Brand name:- Poliovac
Composition:- Poliomyelitis Virus Type 1 (40D antigen units) +Poliomyelitis Virus Type 2 (8D antigen unit) + Poliomyelitis virus type 3 (32D antigen units)
Manufacturer:- Serum Institute of India
Indication:- Polio infection
Storage:- Store in a refrigerator
Poliovac is a combination of three vaccines, which are used to prevent polio infection. This vaccine is an active immunization against poliomyelitis (a disease caused by poliovirus). Poliovac vaccine is administered to infants, children, and adults in order to stimulate the immune system. The vaccine is given by a nurse under the supervision of medical and healthcare professionals.
Poliovac vaccination gives protection from the life-threatening diseases caused by the poliovirus. It helps the immune system to produce antibodies to fight against the infection. These antibodies stop the virus from spreading to the brain and other body parts. The prescribed dose of the Poliovac vaccine is decided by a healthcare professional, and it is indicated in infants (as young as six weeks of age), children and adults.
Here are some minor medicine and disease interactions with the Poliovac vaccine. Do not forget to share and discuss your previous medical history and the medicines you consume with your medical professional or healthcare provider to avoid interactions. While receiving this vaccine your medical practitioner will explain to you the interactions briefly. Some of the interactions are mentioned below:-
Poliovac vaccine is contraindicated in the factors mentioned below. Do not receive the vaccine if any of the below stated applying to them and if you are not sure contact your medical representative or healthcare professional as soon as possible.
Allergic to any of the active ingredients present in this medication.
Severe infection with a high temperature, minor infections should not be a problem.
Have a history of hypersensitivity.
Allergic to any other vaccine or neomycin (an antibiotic used to treat skin infections).
The side effect of the Poliovac vaccine is different and may cause some side effects; these are the unwanted responses of a dosage. Side effects can be mild, moderate, or severe and many of these are easily managed or go on their own. Your healthcare professional or medical practitioner advises you on how to manage the below-mentioned side effects. Make sure to consult your healthcare provider if you experience any side effects during the course of this medicine.
Common side effects
If side effects occur and interfere with your routine activities, consult your pharmacist or medical practitioner.
All infants, unimmunized children, and adults (who are not previously immunized) should receive the Poliovac vaccine. This vaccine can be administered orally or administered as an injection under the skin or into the muscle of the arm (upper-side). The vaccine is given according to the guidelines and under the supervision of medical professionals.
In infants and children, the vaccine should be given more frequently than four weeks apart. The first dose should be given at six weeks of age and a booster dose at 15-18 months of age.
Children should complete the series before traveling. If they are traveling and cannot complete the series, they can still receive a dose of the Poliovac vaccine at 4 years or older.
Poliovac vaccine helps the body to produce its protection (antibodies) to fight against the infection.
In adults, the second dose should be given at least two months past the first dose, and the third dose should be administered 6 to 12 months after the previous dose.
Warnings and precautions
Do not forget to share and discuss your medical history or any other significant fact about your health with your healthcare professional. Below stated factors may affect the use of this medication:-
Poliovac vaccine may not be effective if you are receiving immunosuppressive therapy.
Consult your medical practitioner or healthcare professional before receiving the vaccine because the ingredients present in this vaccine may cause an allergic reaction in some people.
Inform your medical professional if you have any kidney or liver-related disease.
Administration of the Poliovac vaccine is not recommended in people infected with HIV.
Q1. What is the Poliovac vaccine?
Ans. It is a combination of three vaccines, which are used to prevent polio infection. This vaccine is an active immunization against poliomyelitis.
Q2. What are the common side effects?
Ans. Some common side effects of the Poliovac vaccine are:- fever, tiredness, weakness, pain, swelling, headache, etc. It is advisable to contact a healthcare professional urgently if side effects last longer than a usual period of time.
Q3. How should I take the Poliovac vaccine?
Ans. This vaccine is given by a medical professional or a healthcare provider. It is highly advised to not self-administer.
Q4. How to store the Poliovac injection?
Ans. Store this vaccine in a refrigerator. Keep it in a cool place and do not shake or freeze the vial.
Q5. Is the Poliovac vaccine safe to use in breastfeeding?
Ans. This vaccine may be safe for use in breastfeeding women. However, it should be given only after knowing its possible side effects.
Q6. In what strength is Poliovac given?
Ans. Poliovac vaccine is administered in strength of 0.5mL.
Q7. Does the Poliovac vaccine damage the liver?
Ans. If you have any liver-related disease consult your medical practitioner or healthcare professional.
Q8. Is it safe to take the Poliovac vaccine during pregnancy?
Ans. During pregnancy, women may experience mild or severe side effects. Therefore, it is advised to contact the medical professional.
Q9. How does Poliovac injection work?
Ans. This vaccine helps in producing antibodies and stops the virus from spreading in the brain and other body parts.
Q10. Can I take the Poliovac vaccine with other medicines?
Ans. Sometimes drugs may interact with each other so it is necessary to discuss it with your medical practitioner.